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Shafia Monroe

Women Making History Mural

“Women Making History in Portland,” mural at N Interstate and N Harding Ave. Shafia Monroe, top right holding infant.

Shafia M. Monroe’s Biography

Shafia Monroe Shafia M. Monroe is a renowned midwife, doula trainer, motivational speaker, and cultural competency trainer. Shafia has been “Birthing CHANGE,” all her life. In 2016, Madame Noir named Monroe “Queen Mother of a Midwife Movement” for her pioneer midwifery work in Boston, Massachusetts, her hometown. There she co-founded the Traditional Childbearing Group (TCBG), a non-profit organization, whose mission was to reduce infant mortality through homebirth services, training community midwives, and providing prenatal education. Monroe served as Boston’s primary African American homebirth midwife from 1978-1991.

In 1991, seven months pregnant with her sixth child, Monroe drove from Boston with her family to Portland, Oregon. When she arrived, she was unable to find an African American midwife for her homebirth. Experiencing the lack of midwives of color in the region, she responded by forming the non-profit organization International Center for Traditional Childbearing (ICTC), to increase the number of midwives and doulas of color to empower families, reduce infant and maternal mortality, and bring Black midwives together.

Monroe positioned ICTC as an advocate for disseminating culturally competent midwifery education, achieving recognition for Certified Professional Midwives (CPM’s), and directing funds to improve maternal health and newborn care. Under her leadership, ICTC spread across the nation, increasing the number of midwives of color, giving midwives of color a seat at the decision-making table, promoting the profession, as well as researching and teaching the contributions of African descent midwives in world history.

In 2002, Monroe organized the first US-based International Black Midwives and Healers Conference (IBMHC). The conference brought midwives together from around the world for improving maternity care, continuing education, and camaraderie. In 2010 Erykah Badu, four times GRAMMY™ Award winner, singer/songwriter and holistic healer, was the keynote speaker for the conference. In 2011, Ms. Badu accepted Monroe’s invitation to be the ICTC National Spokesperson.

In 2002 Monroe created the ICTC Full Circle Doula Training program to teach the legacy of the 20th Century African American midwife, who exemplified compassionate care through traditional birth and postpartum rituals. The training program focused on improving perinatal care, increasing doulas of color, and developing entrepreneurship in doula work. From 2002 to 2016, Monroe trained nearly 2,000 people as ICTC Full Circle Doulas. In 2017, one year after Monroe’s retirement as CEO of ICTC, the ICTC board asked her to acquire the ICTC doula training.

Monroe accepted and rebranded the ICTC Full Circle Doula Training to SMC Full Circle Doula Birth Companion Training, and maintained the original curriculum. This groundbreaking doula-training program continues to serve as an international model for reducing infant mortality, increasing the number of doulas of color, empowering families for informed consent and physiological birth, and teach traditional birth and postpartum practices using the legacy of the 20th Century African American midwife.

Championing doula care for all, Monroe spearheaded the Oregon Coalition to Improve Birth Outcomes (OCIBO), creating the legislative concept Oregon HB 3311 to investigate the use of doulas to improve birth outcomes in vulnerable populations. Her work marked Oregon as the first state in the nation to approve Medicaid reimbursement for doulas and ICTC as the first Oregon Health Authority (OHA) approved doula-credentialing organization. SMC Full Circle Doula Birth Companion Training became Oregon Health Authority Approved in 2018.

Monroe became president of Shafia Monroe Consulting/Birthing CHANGE in 2013, to aid health care professionals and doulas achieve cultural competency, increase clients, and improve perinatal outcomes. In the same year, she opened Doula Ready LLC to prevent premature births by reducing perinatal stress for professional women.

Monroe loves teaching and is a lifelong learner. She holds a BA in sociology, a Master of Public Health, and an Independent Primary Midwife (IPM) certification from the Massachusetts Midwives Alliance (MMA). She is a member of multiple coalitions to improve maternity care, through continuing education and training.

Her work has made a significant impact in improving infant and maternal health through leadership development. As an influencer, her model for improving maternity care is being replicated both here and abroad, and is featured in multiple publications. Monroe has been recognized with numerous awards, including A Lifetime Achievement Award from Midwives Alliance of North America and the Dr. Hildrus A. Poindexter of the Black Caucus of Health Workers of the American Public Health Association.

Monroe’s Story

Monroe is the fifth child of seven children. Her father was a foot-washing Baptist from rural Alabama, and her mother was a Bostonian Catholic. She is blessed to have experienced life in the inner city of Boston and in rural Alabama. She enjoyed ice-skating in Boston and riding horses bareback and barefoot in the Alabama countryside. Monroe’s parents were activists – she grew up watching her mother advocate for quality public education, voter registration, and fair housing. Monroe helped her father create community gardens in vacant lots of Boston and care for the land in Alabama.

Monroe’s parents taught her the importance of standing for justice, so when Monroe learned the Black infant mortality rate was two and a half times higher than the white infant mortality rate, she was appalled. She knew she had to do something to reduce the disproportionate rate of Black babies dying before their first birthday. At age 17, Monroe began working to improve perinatal outcomes by training as a homebirth midwife and educating members of the Black community on having home births to improve their birth outcomes. She also opened a midwifery school to increase the number of community midwives. Monroe attributes her success to her spiritual practices, her parents, her commitment to reproductive justice, and her love of midwifery and people.

Monroe spends her free time with her husband, seven children, and ten grandchildren. She enjoys cooking for family and friends, walking, dancing, gardening, writing, fishing, and horseback riding. Monroe lives in Portland, Oregon.

Shafia Monroe holding a newborn baby

Shafia Monroe holds an infant during the postpartum portion of a Full Circle Doula training.

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Shafia M. Monroe, DEM. CDT, MPH
Office Number: 503-927-8357 | Email: Shafia@shafiamonroe.com
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